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Coupled Solver Validation for Plastic Flap Opening

Flaps hinge back freely

Simulated and actual schlieren images show good agreement at earlier times, but the solid material is too stiff and not sufficiently plastic. The flap springs back after about 300 micro-seconds, which is not in qualitative agreement with the experiment. A detailed comparison of computational and experimental schlieren images can be found on a separate page.

Pressure trace, slot 3, chan 0 Pressure trace, slot 3, chan 1
z=0.444m (overall distance 1.964m) z=0.896m, (overall distance 2.416m)

The oscillations in the reflection process are no computational error, but occur because the detonation turned fully three-dimensional in the simulation. (Compare Schlieren plot of density on refinement levels, x=0)

Simulation details:

  • Fluid
    • gamma=1.24, p0=100 kPa
    • Van Leer flux vector splitting with 2nd order MUSCL reconstruction, dimensional splitting
    • CJ volume burn model
    • Computational domain: [-0.39m,0.39m]x[-0.0375m,0.5625m]x[-0.9200m,0.8960m]
    • AMR base level: 104x80x242, 3 additional levels, refinement factor 2,2,4
    • Equivalent unigrid run 7,929,856,000 cells
    • Approx. 40,000,000 cells used in fluid on average
      • Tube and detonation fully refined
      • No refinement for z<0 (to approximate Taylor wave)
      • No maximal refinement for x<-0.1575m, x>0.1575m, y>0.15m
    • Thickening of 2d mesh: 0.81mm on both sides (real thickness on both sides 0.445mm)
    • 16 nodes 2.2 GHz AMD Opteron quad processor, PCI-X 4x Infiniband network
  • Solid
    • Aluminium, J2 plasticity model
    • Specimen from z=0 to z=0.896m, middle axis along z-axis
    • Middle of slot at x=0.0m, y=0.020195m, z=0.444m
    • Mesh: 8577 nodes, 17056 elements
    • Close-up of slot in solid mesh
    • 2 nodes 2.2 GHz AMD Opteron quad processor, PCI-X 4x Infiniband network
    • The flaps are allowed to hinge back freely. No nodes on mesh constrained. This causes convergence problems because of mesh distortions at approx. t=460micro-seconds.
  • Ca. 4320h CPU to t=450 micro-seconds
  • Source code: [fluid codes] [solid codes]



-- RalfDeiterding - 13 Feb 2006


I Attachment sort Size Date Who Comment
FlapsDenCutX.mpg 1250.1 K 14 Feb 2006 - 01:50 RalfDeiterding Color plot of density, displacement in y-direction
FlapsDensity.mpg 1547.3 K 14 Feb 2006 - 01:50 RalfDeiterding Color plot of density at x=0, z=0.444m
FlapsLevSl.mpg 1755.0 K 14 Feb 2006 - 01:51 RalfDeiterding Schlieren plot of density on refinement levels at x=0, z=0.444m, part of deforming solid mesh
FlapsLevCutX.mpg 967.4 K 14 Feb 2006 - 01:52 RalfDeiterding Schlieren plot of density on refinement levels, x=0
FlapsLevCutZ.mpg 770.9 K 14 Feb 2006 - 01:53 RalfDeiterding Schlieren plot of density on refinement levels, z=0.444m
FlapsSchlCutX.mpg 658.5 K 14 Feb 2006 - 01:55 RalfDeiterding Schlieren plot of density at x=0, corresponds to experimental schlieren images
FlapsDist.mpg 1906.4 K 14 Feb 2006 - 04:55 RalfDeiterding Distribution to processors in fluid

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