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Blast torso interaction

This test illustrates the complexity of the dynamics of a human body due to the difference of impedance of the different organs.

Description of the test

A schematic body is represented by a liver inside an homogenuous torso.

  • Description of the liver inside a homogenuous torso:
    Description of the liver inside a homogenuous torso

The materials properties are:

organs Density Young modulus Poisson coefficient
liver 1500 kg/m^3 5 Mp 0.3
homogenuous torso 950 kg/m^3 100 Mpa 0.3
If the material properties of the liver are realistic, the ones for the torso are assumed to enhanced the difference of density due to the lighter organs and of rigidity due to the bones.

The solid mesh is composed of 19562 nodes while the fluid mesh is a 5-m cube with 100 cells in each direction (level 0).

An initial explosion of 0.5kg TNT occurs at 1.5m of the torso. This explosion is represented by a pressurizaed sphere at hot temperature.

  • Initial condition: a hot pressurized sphere resulting from an explosion:
    Initial conditions: a hot pressurized sphere resulting from an explosion

Simulation

The simulation ran on turing and took 10 hours on 20 processors (10 nodes with two 2GHz G5 processors by node, interconnected with high-bandwidth, low-latency Myrinet network) to compute 6ms of simulation.

The initial hot sphere leads to the creation of a shock wave that propagates to the torso:

Time=0.43ms Reflection of the shock wave at time = 1.55 ms
Time=0.31ms Time=1.55ms

Due to the difference of impedance between the organs, the internal stress wave is reflected on the liver boundary, leading to a concentration of stress:

Time = 1.55 ms Time=1.93 ms
Time=1.55 ms Time=1.93 ms
Time=2.28 ms Time=3.29 ms
Time=2.28 ms Time=3.29 ms

Let us point out the use of the AMR feature that reduces the computational time by refining the shock wave and the surrouding of the body:

Refinement around the shock wave Refinement around the solid
Refinement around the shock wave. Refinement around the solid.

-- LudovicNoels - 17 Jul 2005

I Attachment sort Size Date Who Comment
export528.jpg 99.8 K 26 Aug 2005 - 21:53 LudovicNoels Reflection of the shock wave at time = 1.55 ms
torsoLiver.mpg 5273.2 K 17 Jul 2005 - 21:46 LudovicNoels Blast torso interaction
torsoInternal.mpg 8184.1 K 17 Jul 2005 - 21:53 LudovicNoels Internal reflection of the stress wave

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